Beginner tips for fly fishing

As one of the most challenging and difficult forms of fishing, many find it hard to master.

Traditionally fly fishing was used to catch trout and salmon in lakes and streams. However, today the activity is used to catch all sorts of freshwater and saltwater fish. For example, capturing bonefish through fly fishing has grown in popularity over the last decade.

There are many aspects to this style of fishing, the line requires an artificial fly to mimic insects and larvae the fish may feed on. If you are new to the sport these tips will help build your skills.

Beginners lesson

Many fishing enthusiasts recommend booking a one-on-one lesson to give you an introduction to the activity, principles, basic techniques, and constructive pointers. Taking a lesson will also help prevent bad habits from developing early on.

Stream craft

Before you even enter the water, investigate the surrounding area and decipher where the fish are feeding. Different behaviours will signify which species of fish are in and around the fishing area. For example, trout and salmon are often most comfortable in the fast-moving water. Whereas, rocks and fallen trees create havens for fish waiting for insects or smaller fish to drift past.


Fly rods are designed to be matched specifically with a fly reel and the best fit is printed above the handle grip. Compared to other fishing reels, the fly reel is single action and works by stripping line off a spool with one hand while you cast the rod with the other. The purpose of the reel is to store the line, provide drag, and counterbalance the weight of the rod while you cast.

As a beginner, it is best to speak to a fishing specialist to help find the right equipment for you.


Fishing vests do more than just make you look the part. While you are fishing this vest is going to hold any item you would typically place in your tackle box. For example any leader lines, spare spool, a different weighted fly line, fly box, scissors, and landing net. You might even have enough space left to store your lunch or snack.


Once you have all the equipment and you think you’re ready to head out into freshwater, head to your local oval instead and practice. It is worthwhile practising your casting on dry land. Cut the barb off the end of your line and it won’t hook onto the grass.

Don’t forget to breathe, you may find yourself getting very frustrated at first as knots continue to form after each cast. Remember to slow down and work the knot out slowly, keep in mind this occurrence reduces over time as you develop. Practising your cast can save you from becoming frustrated when you get out on the water.


When you are trudging heavily over rocks and through mud, your chances of catching a fish will reduce dramatically. Treat the bank or lakeside as a stalking ground, the longer you remain undetected, the higher your chances are of catching a fish.

To help you find fishing spots here is a list of saltwater and freshwater fishing spots.